José de la Mar
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Spanish Wikipedia.(August 2010)|
|José de la Mar|
3rd. President of Peru
September 22, 1822 – February 27, 1823
|Preceded by||Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro|
|Succeeded by||José Bernardo de Tagle, Marquis of Torre-Tagle|
11th President of Peru
August 22, 1827 – June 7, 1829
|Preceded by||Manuel Salazar y Baquíjano|
|Succeeded by||Antonio Gutiérrez de la Fuente|
|Born||May 12, 1778|
Cuenca, in today's Ecuador
|Died||October 11, 1830|
San José, Costa Rica
José de la Mar (May 12, 1778 – October 11, 1830) was a South American military leader.
He was born in Cuenca in what today isEcuador. He spent his early childhood inSpain, where he started his military career. In 1815, Ferdinand VII promoted him to Brigadier, awarded him the Saint Hermenegildo's Cross and appointed him Sub-Inspector of the Viceroyalty of Peru, with the title of Governor of Callao. He arrived at the city in 1816. In 1819, he was promoted to Field Marshal.
The War of Independence (1821–1827): Early actions
During the early days of the Independence War, he joined forces with the Royalists, taking care of the Real Felipe Fortress, in the main port of the Viceroyalty, Callao. ViceroyJosé de la Serna abandoned the capital on June 6, 1821, leaving him with explicit orders to resist and wait for reinforcements. He successfully stopped all attempts to capture the fort for nearly 4 months, until the arrival of General José Canterac and a powerful division sent by Viceroy de la Serna gave him the orders to surrender the fort due to the lack of supplies and troops. On September 19, the garrison surrendered, in the Baquijano Capitulation.
After this incident, he joined forces with the rebel cause. José de San Martín awarded him with the title of "Division General", a title he accepted reluctantly.
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José de San Martín
|President of the Government Junta|
José Bernardo de Tagle
Andrés de Santa Cruz
|President of Peru|