Peruvian ironclad Independencia
Independencia in 1866
|Ordered:||1 March 1864|
|Builder:||Samuda Brothers, Poplar, London|
|Launched:||8 August 1865|
|Fate:||Burned after it ran aground during theBattle of Punta Gruesa on 21 May 1879|
|Displacement:||3,500 long tons (3,600 t)|
|Length:||215 feet (65.5 m)|
|Beam:||44 feet 9 inches (13.6 m)|
|Draught:||21 feet 6 inches (6.6 m)|
|Installed power:||2,200 indicated horsepower (1,600 kW)|
|Propulsion:||1 shaft, 1 Trunk steam engine|
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
2 × 7-inch (178 mm) rifled muzzle-loading guns
|Armor:||Belt: 4.5 in (114 mm)|
Battery: 4.5 in (114 mm)
Independencia was an broadside ironclad built in England for thePeruvian Navy during the mid-1860s.Independencia and Huáscar where the two main ships of the Peruvian Navy at the start of the War of the Pacific with Chile. Independencia ran aground while pursuing Covadongaduring the naval battle of Punta Gruesa on 21 May 1879. When the Chileans in Covadonga realized thatIndependencia had run aground they returned to bombard it causing many deaths. When Huáscar appearedCovadonga fled. The Peruvian survivors were rescued by Huáscarand the remains of the ship set afire to prevent its capture.
- Gardiner, Robert, ed (1979).Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
- Silverstone, Paul H. (1984).Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0.
- "Some South American Ironclads". Warship International(Toledo, OH: Naval Records Club)VIII (2): 203–204. 1971.
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