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Peruvian ironclad Independencia

Peruvian ironclad Independencia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BAP Independencia.jpg
Independencia in 1866
Career (Peru)PN Jack
Name:Independencia
Ordered:1 March 1864
Builder:Samuda Brothers, Poplar, London
Laid down:1864
Launched:8 August 1865
Completed:December 1866
Fate:Burned after it ran aground during theBattle of Punta Gruesa on 21 May 1879
General characteristics
Type:broadside ironclad
Displacement:3,500 long tons (3,600 t)
Length:215 feet (65.5 m)
Beam:44 feet 9 inches (13.6 m)
Draught:21 feet 6 inches (6.6 m)
Installed power:2,200 indicated horsepower (1,600 kW)
Propulsion:1 shaft, 1 Trunk steam engine
Sail plan:Brigantine
Speed:12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement:250
Armament:

2 × 7-inch (178 mm) rifled muzzle-loading guns
12 × 6-inch (152 mm) rifled muzzle-loading guns

4 × 30-pounder rifled muzzle-loading guns
Armor:Belt: 4.5 in (114 mm)
Battery: 4.5 in (114 mm)

Independencia was an broadside ironclad built in England for thePeruvian Navy during the mid-1860s.Independencia and Huáscar where the two main ships of the Peruvian Navy at the start of the War of the Pacific with Chile. Independencia ran aground while pursuing Covadongaduring the naval battle of Punta Gruesa on 21 May 1879. When the Chileans in Covadonga realized thatIndependencia had run aground they returned to bombard it causing many deaths. When Huáscar appearedCovadonga fled. The Peruvian survivors were rescued by Huáscarand the remains of the ship set afire to prevent its capture.

[edit]References

  • Gardiner, Robert, ed (1979).Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (1984).Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0.
  • "Some South American Ironclads". Warship International(Toledo, OH: Naval Records Club)VIII (2): 203–204. 1971.
Fuente:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peruvian_ironclad_Independencia

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