Carnaval de Tambobamba

Carnaval de Tambobamba

lunes, 15 de noviembre de 2010

Huari Culture

Also called Huari Empire.
Pre-Columbian America

500-900 A.D. d.C


Capital: Huari
Main language: Huari and Aymara
Religion: Andean animistic beliefs
Historical period: pre-Columbian America
Established: 500 d.C
It is the first Peruvian empire, was found in the present department of Ayacucho, its boundaries were as far north as Piura and Cajamarca and south to Moquegua, was discovered by Peruvian archaeologist Luis Guillermo Lumbreras

Huari or Wari culture, it was an Andean civilization that flourished in the central Andes from approximately 600 to 1200 d. C., reaching to expand to the current Peruvian department of Lambayeque in the north and Arequipa in the south.
The largest city is associated with the Huari culture, which is located 25 miles northwest of Ayacucho. This city was the center of an empire that covered most of the mountains and the coast of Peru today. The Huari Empire distinctive architectural centers established in many provinces, such as Cajamarquilla or Pikillacta
Their main activity was of a military nature. Fought throughout the Peruvian territory, conquering the various domains of their time. They also had great religious centers as Pachacamac.
The Wari empire was the result of merging The following cultures:
-Huarpa, social and political base.
"Nasca, cultural base.
-Tiahuanaco, religious base.

His political organization was like Huarpa, to control a vast territory the Wari established checkpoints cities called''head''region, the region's heads of major cities were:
-Cuzco-Pikillaqta
-Huanucopampa-Huanuco
-Huicawain-Ancash
-Huarimilca-Huancayo
Cerrobaul-Moquegua-
Pachacamac, Lima-

Artistic manifestations were:

a) Architecture:
Were the first to build cities with urban design, ie as the cities we know today, some good examples of architecture are the head of region cities

b) Ceramic:
Polychrome was influenced by the Nasca pottery, the following forms are good examples of ceramics: Tinja and ceramics in the form of flames.


Wari Culture: Textiles

Wari is one of the most important mountain cultures of ancient Peru. It is assumed that began in the valley of Viñaque in Ayacucho, 1200 years ago during the Middle Horizon. Extended to Nasca, Cusco Moquegua in the south, Cajamarca and Lambayeque in the north.

The Wari culture in its infancy, was an underdeveloped village intimately linked to the country, its inhabitants worked the land and were able to develop systems platforms to gain land. These modest backgrounds have led archaeologists to argue that its development began with the coastal influence of Nasca and Tiahuanaco altiplano.

Tiahuanaco inherited the religion, represented by Wiracocha, God created the universe ", embodied in the" Home of the Sun "in ceramics and fabrics, also gained the knowledge and use of ecological coast, mountains and forests . Nasquenses inherited the mastery of technical ceramics and dyeing of textile art.

Wari Culture developed a herd of camels with systems like "chaccu" practiced to this day, in order to obtain alpaca wool, vicuña, guanaco and llama, which were exchanged with the sea products such as corn, cotton , fish and salt. The flame was of great help to make this trade, given its great resistance for long trips.

The knowledge achieved by the Wari, was reflected in various INDICATED art as architecture, ceramics, cults and rituals, wood carvings and, above all, in his masterful art of weaving.



Wari is one of the most important mountain cultures of ancient Peru. It is assumed that began in the valley of Viñaque in Ayacucho, 1200 years ago during the Middle Horizon. Extended to Nasca, Cusco Moquegua in the south, Cajamarca and Lambayeque in the north.

The Wari culture in its infancy, was an underdeveloped village intimately linked to the country, its inhabitants worked the land and were able to develop systems platforms to gain land. These modest backgrounds have led archaeologists to argue that its development began with the coastal influence of Nasca and Tiahuanaco altiplano.

Tiahuanaco inherited the religion, represented by Wiracocha, God created the universe ", embodied in the" Home of the Sun "in ceramics and fabrics, also gained the knowledge and use of ecological coast, mountains and forests . Nasquenses inherited the mastery of technical ceramics and dyeing of textile art.

Wari Culture developed a herd of camels with systems like "chaccu" practiced to this day, in order to obtain alpaca wool, vicuña, guanaco and llama, which were exchanged with the sea products such as corn, cotton , fish and salt. The flame was of great help to make this trade, given its great resistance for long trips.

The knowledge achieved by the Wari, was reflected in various INDICATED art as architecture, ceramics, cults and rituals, wood carvings and, above all, in his masterful art of weaving.

Source: wikipedia and Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru

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